Departments ( S )

Ancient Feng Shui : Departments

There are Eleven Broad Areas of Research Interest :

a) Book Of Change ( Yi-Jing )
b) Chinese Metaphysic Basics
c) Xuan Kong Feng Shui
d) Xuan Kong ( XK ) Da Gua Feng Shui
e) Qi Men Dun Jia
f)  Bazi
g) Da Liu Ren
i) Zi Wei Dou Shou
j) Palmistry
k) Auspicious Dates
l) Burial Feng Shui ( aka Yin House/Tomb Feng Shui )


Founder, Ancient Feng Shui

  • Book Of Change (Yi-Jing)

    Ancient Feng Shui - Book Of Change

    How Yi Jing ( Book of Changes ) comes about...

    No one knows neither when exactly the Yi Jing was written nor whether it was the work of a single author or a particular school of tradition. Its roots go back thousands of years to a time when the sages of ancient China began to try to find ways of describing and understanding the universe.

    If they could understand the underlying patterns that exist in the universe, then they could begin to predict how those patterns would evolve and hence could begin to crudely predict the future, a skill which humankind has sought since birth.

    The sages began to perceive the world about them as an ever-changing flow of energies. The seasons, the weather, their own growth all seemed to follow a pattern that they regarded as the products of two, primodial forces : yin and yang. There were many ways of describing these factors – here are a few : yin is passive, weak, dark, soft and feminine; yang is active. strong, light, hard and macusline. I should state clearly at this point that weakness and passiveness are not considered to be negative or inferior character traits or attributes, but are words used to describe transient states of being.

    Garrett Lee
    Ancient Feng Shui


  • Chinese Metaphysics Basics

    Ancient Feng Shui - Chinese Metaphysics Basics

    Under Chinese Metaphysics Basics, the foundational concepts and principles are :

    a)  Concept of Emptiness or Nothingness
    b)  Yin-Yang Evolution
    c)  Four Phenomena
    d)  Eight Trigrams & its familial relationship & associated attributes
    e)  Early Heaven Ba-Gua Arrangement
    f)   Later Heaven Ba-Gua Arrangement
    g)  Middle Heaven Ba-Gua Arrangement
    h)  Annual Influence and Afflictions
    i)   Auspicious Qi and Inauspicious Qi and its imfluence on one's well-being.
    j)   Heaven-Earth-Human Cosmic Trinity
    k)  Destiny, Luck, Feng Shui, Charity/Kindness and Education
    l)   And many more...

    Ancient Feng Shui

  • Xuan Kong Feng Shui

    Xuan Kong Feng Shui

    Feng Shui is an ancient Chinese art of harnessing the heaven and earth influence to bring harmony in terms of wealth, health and happiness, by understanding and tapping into the great nature, surroundings, seasonal influences, inherent qi or energy and associated benefits to the person understanding it.

    Chinese Compass ( Luo Pan )

    In the past. the practice of Feng Shui was limited to the Emperor of China and his family.
    Ordinary people practised it on the quiet for fear of being found out. However, nowadays, you have to be a celebrity or famous personality to benefit from or practised Feng Shui.

    There are different school of Feng Shui Practice, Xuan Kong School is the most popular and proven to be showing high reliability of auspicious outcome and as it is highly mathematical base which offers consistency in outcome rather than modern interpretative approach adopted.


    Garrett Lee

    Ancient Feng Shui

  • Qi Men Dun Jia

    Qi Men Dun Jia   奇門遁甲

    { Mysterious Gates Escaping Technique : Secret Luck of Time and Space }

    Basically, the practice of Qi Men Dun JIa (aka QMDJ) is to put a particular person or group of people in the right place and also at the right time and that essentially is the strength of the QMDJ oracle so that the subject under consideration will be in a vantage position to benefit from it depending on the type of circumstances that he or she chooses to be in at that moment in time.


    Qi Men Dun Jia cosmic oracle was made popular by its military applications in ancient past to take full control and to take advantage of circumstances against the adversaries in ancient warfare and also to predict vantage points for military events or episodes of identified circumstance. Qi Men Dun Jia places great emphasis on Di Yuan (地元, earthly or spatial aspects or phenomena). Qi Men Dun Jia can have multiple applications over a wide array of events or circumstances, but its potency is encumbered by a challenging degree of mathematical array of complexity and places strong demands on the learner before it is able to achieve high level of accuracy in its interpretation of the identified circumstances in question.


    Qi Men Dun Jia Book Cover With Main Author: Garrett Lee


    As to exactly when this high-priest ancient wisdom was developed and put to use of these three cosmic models or formulae, it is difficult to pin it down with certainty but there are folk indications alluding to the “Warring States Period” around 700 BCE though the Chinese gave credit to the Yellow Emperor period, 5000 years ago. The popularity of QMDJ was attributed to the famous military strategist, Zhuge Liang 諸葛 (aka Kong Ming, better known as the Sleeping Dragon) as told in the Chinese Classic Novel as in the Sanguo yanyi 三國演義Romance of the Three Kingdoms where he used QMDJ to win in the Battle of the Red Cliff as well as escaped from the clutches of his arch-rivals.


    Another famous ancient personality who popularized the practice of QMDJ was the imperial astrologer & strategist, Liu Bo Wen 刘伯温, though he was no lesser known a historical figure and also no less skillful with his QMDJ forte.

    Due to such arcane knowledge was shrouded in high bureaucratic secrecy and resulting in scholarly neglect, it affected the availability of literature and written records on the subject to modern scholars and practitioners alike. Probably another reason was the overwhelming amount of technical jargons on the subject that would discourage the uninitiated from trying to decipher these sophisticated algorithm models of calculation.

    Seek Good Fortune, Avoid Trouble In The Horizon

    Interestingly, QMDJ was made popular in use for battlefield confrontation circumstance where quick decisions must be taken at the precise moment in time, but the wide array of applications of QMDJ extends to today’s time-sensitive competitive situations such as taking an exam, sport winnings, marketing success, sales advantage, courtship, business negotiation advantage, escape from difficult circumstances momentarily, credit control, and the list goes on.


    Garrett Lee

    Founder, Researcher, Practitioner, Author, Teacher

    Ancient Feng Shui

  • Bazi

    Bazi aka Four Pillars of Destiny aka Eight Characters DNA

    Essentially, Bazi aka Four Pillars aka Eight Characters DNA or is an ancient destiny system to understand one's future destiny developments, or rather allow one to take a secret peek into one's future, where one is subjected to Luck Cycle influence throughout experiencing different issues and challenges. However, it is not a fatalistic science as there is another perspective shared that besides there are predestined fate, there is an important aspects called freewill which could allow one to master our destiny. By uncovering the secret codes of Heaven, our life path can be influenced by our human actions coupled with Heaven and Earth Influence...

    More Details...
    Coming up Soon...

    Ancient Feng Shui

  • Zi Wei Dou Shu

    Zi Wei Dou Shu 紫微斗數(aka Purple Star or Emperor Astrology )


    Zi Wei Dou Shu Destiny Study is another main branch of Chinese Astrology alongside with Bazi or Four Pillars that the ancient chinese used to unveil their predestined affinities by applying its techniques to enhance their general well-being be it on a personal, business advantage, and daily level. In short, Zi Wei Astrology enables us to better comprehend and optimize our lives at each phase or episode during their journey of success and trepidation.

    Zi Wei Astrology is different from fortune telling, such I-Ching and Bazi. Zi Wei Astrology has been widely practised in ancient China especially during the Song and Miing Dynasties. Zi Wei can be translated to mean "Purple Star" or "Emperor Star" and Astrology means "Interpretation using esoteric techniques".

    The main focus of Zi Wei Astrology is to study a person's destiny based on the movement of various stars and the location of Zi Wei Star within the twelve different palaces or houses or quadrants.

    The variation in methodology in calculating the person's destiny is different from school to school. For example, there are northern and southern schools in addition to different techniques variation adopted for calculation and interpretation.

    Zi Wei Astrology uses calculations of a person's year, month, date and time of birth to allocate the stars inside the twelve different palaces. The chart that is constructed forms the person's personalised Destiny Chart and this chart corresponds to the person's entire life's "ups" and "downs" as they unfolds over the course of their life.

    The next step after constructed the personalised Destiny Chart is to understand the meaning of the twelve palaces. And then to go on to understand the broad and narrow definition of stars besides seeking a further understanding of the Heavenly Stems and Earthly Branches in each respective palaces, houses or quadrants.

    The five elements with its generating and controlling cycle principles cannot be overemphasized when it is used in the mix of interpretation of a probable event or projected outcome either on a personal or business level. For it can cause one to be in a pathetic or triumphant state of mind.

    Another interesting factor is the time of birth. By knowing it, one can already deduce one's orientation in life and what holds closely to their heart and mind. Thus, knowing which double-hour one is born can provide an indicative perspective of the person's "general mindset".

    In this system of Zi Wei Astrology, the palaces can shift or rotate around but the stars within each palace or house or quadrant remain. It is similar in analogy to taking a train ride. When one starts a journey as in since birth, it moves from "one station to another station" in life as it progresses, the views outside the train window changes while one remains on the moving train until it reaches the final destination which means here end of one's journey or life.

    Thus, the 12 standard stations or stages are : Fate Palace where the starting luck cycle varies for each person, thus there is pre-fate palace where one begins life. Next is Sibling palace, if any to begin interaction with them and this can include one's peers as well. Third comes spouse palace which is based on old Chinese tradition, one gets settled down first before greater responsibilities befall on them. Fourth, according to ancient tradition, having children is the next first responsibility and obligation of the married couple to carry on the descendant tree.

    Fifth, one will have to feed the family where it is represented by Wealth palace. Sixth is health palace where health is paramount to all especially one has to find ways to bring in more wealth for the family. This can take a toll on one's healthy being. This is what it means by mid-life crisis by modern interpretation.

    Seventh, is travelling or relocation palace, where one has to make frequent trips away from home to seek new opportunities as the demand for better living justifies its means. Eighth, is friends palace where one will seek unity and socializing to build strategic bridges or alliances in order to gain bigger advantage in life. Ninth, one will be at career palace where building up one business fortune or empire takes its full extent. Tenth, one's property will be enhanced and can be in fixed asset related matters including buying a second property or renew the current property to accommodate growing population at home. Eleventh, this is the retirement phase or the happiness stage or some interpretation labels it as Karmic palace. Though one goes into retirement eventually, whether one is in happy or melancholic or charitable state of mind will very much depend on how one lives during the last ten palaces of the person's life. Final stage, Parents/Ancestors/Seniors Palace where one returns into the embrace of the source for protection, support and care. Thus, to be forewarned is to foretell, which is what one can influence, depending one's action and approach to life, the likely final outcome to be.

    One of the important tenets of interpretation with high accuracy is the understanding of the meaning of the stars appearing in different palaces. Though there are many stars to consider, experience tells us that fourteen major stars and its supplementary stars will be sufficient without bringing into the mix the auxiliary stars for generally correct interpretation. Unless finer aspects are required, then auxiliary stars could be added on to bring out "more flavours" to the dish. An analogy would be : there are Major Stars and Co-Stars in the movie and they can jointly bring up the plots and theme of the show or story when they are in different scene or "palace". Auxiliary stars are like extras or stunt-artists, where appropriate inclusion into the mix, to add more flavours or spice up the excitement. And the person is the Producer and Director of their own movie.

    This is simply amazing especially when one is able to take a peek into their own future and to know early in their life how it can evolve over time. This is synonymous to allowing one to make the "right" decision under different circumstances so that one will be able to achieve optimal prosperity and harmony at different stages of one's life.

    May Success, Prosperity and Harmony Be Contagious in your Life.


    Garrett Lee


    Ancient Feng Shui

  • Palmistry

    Ancient Feng Shui : Palmistry

    Despite being as old as civilization itself, palmistry has been obscured by more myths, mumbo-jumbo and superstition than almost any other subject on earth.

    The legacy of chiromancy ( which means to predict the future from markings on the palm or from any natural signs), has obscured the astonishing potential of palmistry as a tool for self-development. The idea that one's fate is fixed is a legacy of medieval life-view. One which undermines an individual's sense of responsibility and diminishes the power they have over their lives.

    Modern palmistry is often known as 'chirology', which is from the Greek for hand study'. Chirology is associated with a more enlightened approach to the art, performing in-depth, non-predictive palm analysis for self-understanding. This perspective has presented strong correlations between hand features and psychological disposition, genetic illness, sexual attractiveness, even the likeliness of success in different field of endeavours.

    The number of those that practise palmistry however is relatively few. The reason for this is because the subject has traditionally been difficult to master. However, if one knows the appropriate method of learning it, one will be up to speed to achievement in a fairly short time and build upon the learning layers as you gained more practical experience.

    Let's get a few facts straight. The lines of the palm are not fixed forever. They change over time. It goes with saying then, that if you are going to make predictions based on palm's lines, you are not going to get accurate results. No one can tell you your future through palmistry by looking at your hand. No pot of golds or dark shadows lurking are marked on it. For example, it is impossible to tell the cities you have visited or your favourite food.

    Having said all that, it may be possible to intuit these things, and there is no doubt that looking into people's souls through the window of the hands will bring out your latent intuitive facilities. Right from the beginning, with no assistance from psychic sources, you can quickly acquire the skill to amaze, the insight to bring change, the wisdom to enlighten and empower yourself and those around you.

    Over time I will share my accumulated insights, ideas and tips on palmistry. For now, do enjoy these free video lessons..

    Free Lessons....Palmistry ( In Cantonese Dialogue )

    Master So Intensive - Hand Ep 1 Part 1

    Master So Intensive - Hand Ep 1 Part 2

    Master So Intensive - Hand Ep 1 Part 3

    Master So Intensive - Hand Ep 1 Part 4 

    Master So Intensive - Hand Ep 1 Part 5 

    Ancient Feng Shui.....


  • Auspicious Dates

    Auspicious Dates Selection


    It is a commonly heard practice among the older generations of Chinese to choose an auspicious date and time to perform certain rituals such as bathing of a child during their first month of birth to mundane matters such as taking a road trip for whatever important or quasi-routine significance. The most commonly available resource or tool is that of the Chinese Almanac or Tong Shu which the Cantonese-speaking readers preferably called it "Tong Sheng" ( literally translated as Total Victory )

    For the illiterate of the past, the most commonly adopted approach would be to choose the Red print text printed therein as "safe date" to use and avoid the Black print text therein. However, this quick and dirty method is severely flawed and that Red print text dates are only good for certain events or matters and not suitable for others. This is the little known caveat that majority of lay people are not aware of till today. Thus, a good understanding of its significance is important whether it is safe to use it or otherwise. The same analogy applies to Black print text dates.

    I have come across Red print text dates used by my friends and clients experienced unfavourable outcome and the damage is life-long until today. The rest is history now. It is meaningless to elaborate on it. But a big lesson learned for them and for me personally.

    The commonly available Chinese Almanac typically produced in areas where there are strong Chinese Community who are still pro-Almanac referring ritual come from China, Taiwan and Hong Kong, and not to mention the dwindling appreciation in western-oriented Chinese in Singapore . If one were to compare their different editions, one will realize the variations in information provided therein. There are often contradictions and misprint of information leading to more confusion and compromised on its quality and accuracy due to its low-cost of producing it by just following the age-old formula faithfully since it was made available from the imperial palace to the common people then who were largely farmers-oriented population.

    These commoners and farmers used it then to identify when were the changing 24 sub-seasons and such as when to harvest including the knowing when are the different dates of Chinese oriented festivals and remembrance days such as Tomb-Sweeping day, Dumpling festival, Mid-Autumn festival, arrival of summer solstice, winter solstice and the beginning of spring where the Chinese celebrates the Lunar New Year.

    Inside the Chinese Almanac, there are host of different methods printed therein for the readers to use. However, it can be very confusing if one do not understand the merits and demerits of each system presented therein.

    To illustrate, there is the 28 Constellations method. Though it is useful for multiple purposes, it is outdated as it had not been calibrated to reflect the shifting axis of the earth revolution around the sun since it was first observed and then established the standard formula to calculate the division of time with their respective deviation over the course of the 28 constellations progression patterns. However, the good news is that such updates are conducted by NASA ( National Aero-Nautical Science Agency ) and provide a five yearly review to ensure that all the navigational and communication are synchronized to compensated for the shifting axis of Earth revolution relative to the Sun position. This planetarium updates are available from NASA but one has to incorporate it into the calculation methodology to obtain true local time.

    In modern times, people have introduced day-light saving time during summer period and then return to normal standard time in winter period. Also, the whole world have been divided into 24 different time zones for standardization purpose or averaging the time within each time zone for convenience and ease of communication.

    For political and economic reasons, countries have even moved forward their time or backward to ensure a level playing field and/or to secure their competitive advantage if the ends justifies its means. For example, Singapore had moved to the same time zone as Hong Kong by artificially moving forward by one zone though the true local time remains as the Sun will not cooperate with any countries for that matter or for a particular country to meddle with its true local time. Thus, if your watch shows 12 O'Clock noon, do look up the sky if the Sun is really right over your head at that point in time. A good chance is that it is not in sync with your artificially calibrated watch / clock time.

    Since the Chinese Almanac are meant for general purpose usage, it is not its primary focus to be adopted for individual customized usage. An analogy of its general usage as presented in the Chinese Almanac is : One's Man Meat is Another Man's Poison. To get customized application, a further appreciation of the different dates selection methodology and its merits and demerits of each system must be fully understood to achieve the desired results as intended.

    Experienced Practitioners of Feng Shui will know what methods are available at their disposal such as renovating a house, putting a nail on wall to hang a picture, re-arranging the home inner landscape and furniture to tap prosperous energies, implement water features in auspicious locations, installing auspicious feng shui cures will require auspicious date and time to implement them appropriately and auspiciously.

    In my view, Auspicious Dates Selection is a science to be mastered but it is also viewed as an art because the outcome varies from individual to individual and the different methods adopted will yield a variant of outcome which in turn depends upon the auspiciousness of the site and desired action under consideration plus the current destiny influence of the person seeking benefits from its implementation.


    Garrett Lee


    Ancient Feng Shui

  • Da Liu Ren

    Da Liu Ren 大六壬

    The Ancient Chinese Art of Six Yang Waters Technique

    The literal English translation of the above term written in Chinese Da Liu Ren 大六壬, has no coherent insights to it, let alone does it convey its full meaning to the readers at large except to a few good men from the ancient past imperial astronomical bureau in traditional China. In some colloquial Chinese dialects, such as Cantonese, it renders a cursory view of a particular scheme of things to happen in some future scenarios or provides some perspectives of some kind of clandestine plots being work in progress and is not fathomable to the audience at large except by the “chosen few” who have deeply studied and internalize its cryptic coding technique or in the words of the digital alphabets era, loosely translated as the “programming language standards” use to make “forecasting scenarios” in ancient China.

    If any serious attempt of expressing its full sense and contextual meaning here would probably take up more descriptive content to qualify it as an all-inclusive title which would go against the intended norm, as a matter of brevity and succinctness.

    Da Liu Ren 大六壬, in Short, Liu Ren as an arcane art, only a selected few could have the privilege to acquire it. Amongst those well-versed with its deep and penetrating knowledge & insights of Liu Ren ( translated in vernacular English language as Six Yang Waters Technique ) were typically members of the ancient China Astronomical Bureau. Most ancient scholars/literati in traditional China found it extremely difficult in comprehending the passages in question, the associated cryptic comments and its technical explanations are rarely helpful to the uninitiated general readers.

    According to ancient Chinese records as extracted from Mengxi bitan 夢溪筆談 ( Dream Brook Essays ) in about year 1086, one of its sections on symbolic numerology ( xiang shu 象数 ) contains some of the knowledge developed by staff member of the Astronomical Bureau includes three passages concerning the Liu Ren 六壬 celestial chart system/technique that comes immediately after the first passage on the Dayan 大衍 calendar method of the Kaiyuan 開元reign-period in Tang dynasty China. The first of these three passages reads :

    Qi Men Dun Jia & Da Liu Ren

    With regards to the deities of the twelve earthly branches in the heaven { tian shier shen 天十二神 } in the system of Liu Ren 六壬, hai亥 is called Deng ming 登明 ( Ascending Brightness ) and the general of the first lunar month, while xu 戌 is called Tiankui  天魁 ( Heavenly Chief ), being the general of the second lunar month. People in the ancient China termed it the Heshen 合神 ( matching deity ) as well as ‘ the sun passing by the palace’ ( Taiyang guo gong 太陽禍宮 ). Heshen 合神 meant that in the first lunar month ( when Counter-Jupiter was at the earthly branch ) Yin 寅 it matched ( Jupiter when the latter reached the earthly branch ) Hai 亥, in the second lunar month ( when Counter-Jupiter was at the earthly branch ) Mao 卯 it matched (Jupiter when the latter reached the earthly branch) xu 戌 and so forth. The term ‘Taiyang guo gong’ referred to the position of the sun at (Jupiter-station) Zouzi 諏訾 in the first lunar month, shifting to (Jupiter-station) Jianglou 降婁 in the second lunar month, and so forth. These two phenomena corresponded to each other (only) at the time when the calendar of the ancient Emperor Zhuan (xu) 顓頊was adopted. (But) they do not correspond to each other nowadays, because the movement of the sun follows the ecliptic and varies according to the precession of the equinoxes.

    In our present days condition, Jupiter reaches (Jupiter-station) Zouzi諏訾 only after the Yu Shui 雨水 Rain water (about February 19 ) forthnightly period, and reaches ( Jupiter-station) Jianglou降婁 only after Chun Fen 春分 Spring Equinox – about March 20 ). If (the method of) Heshen ( Matching Deity ) is applied in this case, from the day of Spring Equinox the hai 亥 general  should be used, and from the day of Jing Zhe 驚蟄 Insects Awaken forthnightly period ( about March 6) the xu 戌 general should be used. Thus, if we were to go by the sun’s movement, it does not correspond with Heshen 合神 ( i.e. matching Counter-Jupiter and Jupiter such that Yin 寅 matches Hai 亥, Mao 卯 matches Xu 戌, Chen 辰 matches  You酉 and so on, implying that Counter-Jupiter is out of alignment with Jupiter’s movement ). On the contrary, if we use Heshen 合神 (Jupiter’s movement) it will not correspond with the Sun’s movement. As a matter of logic, the process of casting (the four) divinations ( in Liu Ren operation ) the relevant monthly general must be allocated to the proper time. Hence one should follow the passage of the sun over the palaces ( i.e. the sun’s movement along the ecliptic ). If the movement of the sun over the Jupiter-stations is not accounted for then there will be no agreement in celestial motion with movements of the sun, the moon, the five planets, the sexagenary cycle and the 28 lunar mansions on any particular day and time. Hence one should bear in mind to take account of the movements of the sun ( for the Liu Ren Technique and its system of operation ). Matter does not rest here, because the same logical reasoning should be extended to affect the marking of the beginning of a lunar month by naming that lunar month after an earthly branch ( Yue Jian 月建). If we carefully observe the Ladle of the Plough the hour of dusk already shows discrepancy. Yue Jian月建 ( the first day of a lunar month ) should follow the sun’s position along the ecliptic to take into account the precession of the equinoxes.   At the present moment the beginning of the first lunar month by naming it after Yin 寅 should only take place one day after the Yu Shui 雨水 Rain water fortnightly period ( about February 19), the beginning of the second lunar month by naming it after Mao 卯 four days after 春分Chun Fen Spring Equinox (about March 20), the beginning of the third lunar month by naming it after Chen 辰 five days after the Gu yu 穀(谷)雨 fortnightly period (about April 20), and so on. Agreement with the movements of the sun can only be found by this means, and the two sayings as mentioned above would again merge and become one. Naturally, corrections must be made to reconcile them. Take for example, the seven lunar mansions of Cang Long 蒼龍 ( Azure Dragon ) in the East should begin with (the lunar mansion ) Kang 亢 and end with ( the lunar mansion Nan ) dou 南斗, the seven lunar mansions of Zhuque 朱雀 ( Crimson Bird ) in the South should begin with (the lunar mansion Qian ) Niu 牽牛 and end with ( the lunar mansion ) Kui 奎, the seven lunar mansions of Bai hu 白虎(White Tiger)in the West should begin with the lunar mansion Lou 婁 and end with the lunar mansion Yu gui 輿鬼 and the seven lunar mansions of Zhen wu 真武 ( Real Warrior ) in the North should begin with (the lunar mansion) Dong Jing 東井 and end with the lunar mansion Jue 角. Following closely in this manner, not only the Liu Ren 六壬 Six Yang Waters Technique system of operation but also the calendar system itself will be correct in alignment.

    The above discussion is by no means exhaustive, but the basic premise of Liu Ren 六壬 aka Six Yang Waters Technique emphasizes its operation depends on the  accurate astronomical observations while pointing out the inaccuracy of the current calendar. From what it says, we are informed that in the past the operation of the Liu Ren 六壬 Six Yang Waters Technique was based on the Jupiter cycle as well as on the Zou zi 諏訾 station mentioned above, at the time of  Chen Zhuo 陳卓during the third century it was extended 16 du 度 from the determinant star of the 12th lunar mansion Wei to 4 du 度 from the determinant star of the 15th lunar mansion Kui, position of the Sun in the ecliptic. The matching of the positions of Counter-Jupiter and those of Jupiter, both expressed in branches.

    Taking the case example of the Zou zi 諏訾while during the time of Yixing in the eighth century it again extended from 13 du 度 of Wei to 4 du 度 of Kui ( where 1 du is approximately 1 degree when converted to angular measurements). Yu Zhengxie 俞正燮 said in his Guisi leigao 癸巳類稿, ‘All systems ought to follow the movements of the heavens to seek harmony, but not to make rules to change the movements of the heavens’ ( fan shu dang shun tian yi qiu he, bu ke wei fa yi gai tian 凡術當顺天以求合, 不可為法以改天) when he criticized those who suggested changes.  Operators of the Liu Ren 六壬Six Yang Waters Technique celestial chart have come to use the 24 fortnightly periods, i.e. the 24 sub-seasons positions of the sun along the ecliptic for the day when the calculation is performed, while retaining the ancient Counter-Jupiter cycle to determine the deity at the time. It is interesting from the point of view of the history of Chinese astronomy and history of the Liu Ren 六壬 Six Yang Waters Technique to naming of the year after imaginary positions of Counter-Jupiter by using the branches was already out of step with the calendar during the eleventh century.

    In the second passage, according to nineteenth-century scholar Yu Zhengxie 俞正燮 as said in his Guisi leigao 癸巳類稿 which discussed at considerable length the 12 deities of the earthly branches as real deities such as Deng Ming 登明 Ascending Brightness , Tian Kui 天魁 Heaven Chief , Cong Kui 從魁 Follow Leader, Zhuang Song 傳送Spirit Bids farewell and so on. While others scholars, like the neo-Confucius, may regard the 12 deities of the earthly branches simply as different stages of qi. For those who are into its detailed description of the appearance and characteristics of each individual deity is provided in the Liu Ren Da Quan 六壬大全 ( Complete Book on Liu Ren ).

    Take for example, the Dai Chong deity is said to have a long, blue and bearded face with a high brow, a tall and slender figure, to be rather cunning and unorthodox in his actions, to be originally a musician in ancient time, to have under his control inns for stagecoaches, horses, boats and carriages, and so forth. Also, there were neo-Confucius scholars, who thought of them merely as culturally-inclined terms to express the different stages of the qi in the heaven resulting from the movement of the sun along the ecliptic. In any case, it is to be noted that deities (shen 神) in the Chinese mindsets were less supernatural or divine than their counterparts in Western culture. They are not omnipotent, not omnipresent, and were fallible, without immunity from misconduct against their natural law and for which they would also pay for their consequences.

    In the Liu Ren 六壬 Six Yang Waters Technique system of operation, the goal of the exercise was to locate the deity present on that very day so that further steps could be taken to contact and to receive messages from him, everything being carried out by calculations on the celestial chart. The Liu Ren 六壬 Six Yang Waters Technique celestial chart comprise a heaven plate (tian pan 天盤) and an earth plate (di pan 地盤). The heaven plate rotates, while the earth plate remains stationary. The day on which the celestial chart are arranged and correspond against the fortnightly period in which it occurs to give the deity present, expressed in terms of its earthly branches.

    In the third passage, there also mentioned there are 12 deity generals ( shen jiang 神将 ) in the Liu Ren 六壬 Six Yang Waters Technique ( system ), Strictly speaking, there are only 11 deity generals and headed by the Gui Ren 贵人 Nobleman Deity General. The five generals in front of Gui Ren 贵人 are Teng She 螣蛇 Flying Snake, Zhu Que 朱雀 Crimson Bird,Liu He 六合  Six Union , Gou Chen 勾陳 Angular Hook and Qing Long 青龍 Blue Dragon respectively. Depending on the deity generals elemental attribute considerations, Only Gui Ren贵人 Nobleman Deity General has nothing in opposition like the sun in the heaven that has none in opposition other than when the moon is in opposition giving rise to an eclipse, or a planet in opposition giving rise to retrogressive movement. Thus, there is nothing in opposition to Gui Ren 贵人 Nobleman Deity General, and the position of opposition is known as Tian Kong 天空 Heaven Void. ‘Void’ implies that there is a vacuum, or simply nothing is there and hence Tian Kong天空 Heaven Void cannot be a deity general. This is very similar to Yue Sha 月殺 Moon Affliction with its opposite aspect of Yue Kong 月空 Moon Void. Its implied predictions, whether auspicious or ominous, are all void, with exception when encountering of the sovereign nature is sought for the purpose of seeking redress for miscarriage of justice.

    Furthermore, the use of hexagrams incorporated into it to explain astronomical/astrological terms reflects the profound influence of the symbolic numerology school in the eleventh-century Song China and justifies the inclusion of his observational insights of certain points concerning the Liu Ren 六壬 Six Yang Waters Technique in the Xiang Shu section of the Mengxi Bitan 夢溪筆談.

    Other components in the Liu Ren Chart includes the Day & Night Nobleman, Four Prognostications ( Si Ke 四課 ), Three Messages ( San Chuan 三傳 ) and the their interlinking relationships. I will leave out this technical jargon explanation until an appropriate suitable time in the future so as to keep it simple for now. After Liu Ren Celestial chart is properly completed, next come the interpretations. They vary according to the questions asked and the skill of the interpreter/practitioner. The applications of Liu Ren 六壬 Six Yang Waters Technique to meteorological forecasting and divination of human mundane matters would explain why it is one of the oldest divination/forecasting system of the three cosmic oracle , including Qi Men Dun Jia 奇門遁甲aka Mysterious Gates Escaping Technique and Tai Yi 太乙, has survived to the present day, although it is still known only “to a few good men”,  and why it was claimed that the Song Emperor Renzong took a special interest in this system of divination/forecasting technique.

    It was in the prediction of mundane affairs that the Liu Ren 六壬 Six Yang Waters Technique distinguished itself. A much lesser known application of Liu Ren六壬 Six Yang Waters Technique that had made a cursory mentioned in the classical episode in the Sanguo Yanyi ( Romance of the Three Kingdoms ) tells the following story about the Legendary Military Advisor/Strategist Zhuge Liang aka Kong Ming aka Sleeping Giant applying the Liu Ren六壬 Six Yang Waters method in order to know happenings in a remote battle before the arrival of the report:

    Da Liu Ren Six Yang Waters Technique Heaven & Earth Plates

    (Liu) Xuande 䉧玄德 ( i.e. Liu Bei 劉備 ) and Kong Ming 孔明 (i.e. Zhuge Liang 諸葛亮)are on the move together with their men and horses. At that time a green banner (suddenly) curls upside-down and a crow flies coming from the north towards the south, cawing three times before leaving. Riding on his horse, Kong Ming makes prognostications ( using his palms and fingers ) under his sleeves ( xiu zhan yi ke 袖占一課 ) and says, ‘the city of Changsha has fallen into our hands and also that we shall gain the service of a great warrior. The report will arrive after midday.’

    The author of the novel, Luo Guanzhong 羅贯中, has not provided sufficient details to enable modern readers to comment further on the method of divination he refers to, but has told a fascinating story regarding the development of the Liu Ren 六壬 Six Yang Waters Technique of operation in warfare application. However, for those keen to dig deeper into this beautiful system and how it was applied in ancient times, one can refer to the relevant section of the military compendia, such as the last juan of Li Quan’s Taibai yinjing, Zeng Gongliang’s Wujing zongyao and Mao Yuanyi’s Wubeizhi. The military section Junzhangfu 軍帐赋 of the DaLiuRen Leiji in Gujin tushu jicheng gives the fullest information on the applications of Liu Ren 六壬 Six Yang Waters Technique in time of war.

    An example to illustrate will suffice for this brief discussion. On the report of an invasion one should observe the relation between the branches on which the Xuan Wu Sombre Warrior and the Bai Hu White Tiger ride and the branch of the day. If the former subjugates the latter the enemy is strong, indicating that urgent actions for defence are needed. If the branch of the day subjugates the branch on which either the Xuan Wu Sombre Warrior or the Bai Hu White Tiger rides, then the enemy will defeated.

    The above illustrated story about Zhuge Liang gaining knowledge while riding on a horse and about an event that had taken at a remote location brings out one great advantage of the Liu Ren 六壬 Six Yang Waters Technique amazing attributes. In one respect, the earth plate and the heaven plate of the Liu Ren六壬 Six Yang Waters method were far more portable and much more inexpensive relatively in this modern day technology-enabled gadgets. The proficient Liu Ren 六壬 Six Yang Waters Technique practitioner could simply use his own palms and fingers as the two earth-heaven plates. The divination can be literally performed with fingers hidden inside one's sleeves. Chinese novels and period dramas abound with mentions of Xiu Zhong Yi Ke ( a divination done under the sleeves ) regards how humanly "immortal" one can get news of happenings in distant places and seek foreknowledge of coming events. Thus, a good mastery of such amazing Liu Ren 六壬system of forecasting/divination skills certainly fulfills the prophecy of being forewarned, is to allow preparation in advance for any circumstances in the horizon. Besides, one could even trace back to the past with amazing accuracy as well.

    In addition, Liu Ren 六壬Six Yang Waters system can be used to read someone life analysis, alternatively labelled as Four Pillars of Destiny, Bazi Analysis, Life Trends DNA Analysis or other "old wine in new bottle" naming labels.

    Ultimately, mastering Divination/Forecasting skills are very useful not just for daily mundane matters but also help one to develop a strategic compass to guide one to gain the high grounds despite encountering challenging circumstances/situations and consistently enhance one’s chances of achieving greater rewarding results and favourable outcome.

    Garrett Lee, Founder

  • Burial Feng Shui ( Yin Feng Shui )

    Burial Feng Shui ( aka Yin House Feng Shui )

    In ancient times, the emperors would typically commence preparing his tomb and its Feng Shui during the early years of his ascendary to the throne. The actual construction of the tomb will take many years besides locating an auspicious grave site to begin with. The Burial or Yin House Feng Shui premises was a major factor underlying the long reign of the different dynasties. The impact of Burial or Yin House Feng Shui premises can be hundreds of years. The potency of Burial or Yin House Feng Shui is simply Amazing!

    Identifying Dragon Xue For Continual Prosperity

    Modern days Feng Shui practitioners who are generally familiar with the appreciation of Yang House Feng Shui or Feng Shui for the living are not necessarily knowledgeable about the potency or secrets of the Burial or Yin House Feng Shui. Such arcane knowledge / insights are not made available in classic textbooks as it is only imparted via verbal transmission passed down the line through their own school's lineage. Most modern days Feng Shui practitioners merely pour through the ancient texts to make endless futile attempts to decipher the secrets hidden therein. It is not something common-sensical in the first instance.

    Live Grave Setting Up


    However, the ancient texts are filled with cryptic-coded characters which are personalised notes only intelligible to the authors themselves. Only their loyal disciples can have the privilege to decode from with the "key" revealed to them by the experienced Feng Shui Masters who in turn received it from their predecessors.

    Broadly, the residential and occupational properties of the living persons are called Yang dwellings or Yang houses. Burial sites and tombs, which are dwellings for the dead are called Yin dwellings or Yin house. The Yin domains also include temples. Feng Shui aka Chinese Metaphysics Scholars are still debating which came first, Yang house or Yin house. Yang and Yin house Feng Shui are complementary and are like two sides of the same coin. The underlying principles are the same, only their application differs acccording to their different schools of practices & research validity along their respective lineage.

    The Chinese believe that desirably auspicious burial sites allow the dead to rest in peace, ensuring a favourable reincarnation, and can also secure the happiness and prosperity of future generations of descendants. Thus, the need to be buried at a site with good Feng Shui is traditionally very important to the Chinese. The Chinese people believe that a body inauspiciously buried will bring misfortune to the living for at least next three generations. However, if the deceased were to be buried in the correctly aligned orientation with respect to the dead, with the correct environment and at the right time, the family can prosper for many generations to come.

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    There are many different explanations offered that human life is not only just flesh, blood and bones. They believe human have energy called spirit or soul. There are others think that human has qi ( loosely translated as vital energy force ).  Different people from different background and cultural experience will have their own interpretations and invariably they make a good attempt at describing it to their best insights.

    In the Feng Shui context, this "energy" is transformed to something called DNA signature. If the human remains are buried at auspicious location or site, then a chain reaction will be triggered off in which the earth's magnetic energy is modulated by the Qi of the interred human. Thus, a signal is activated to be in their right bandwidth with the deceased person's descendants where they have familial affinity. This deceased person's DNA signature will then provide the linkages to the descendants with similar DNA signature. Another analogy to illustrate this point would be only through specific tuning of the radio signal, will the descendants with similar DNA signature be able to receive a specific broadcast frequency.

    Thus if the burial site and time of burial are auspicious, the signal activated will be auspiciously positive. The descendants picking up this 'signal' will be blessed with good health and good fortune. However, if a burial site is inauspicious, a negatively aligned 'signal' will be activated and the descendants will be inauspiciously impacted.

    Selecting an auspicious site for burial is highly paramount. If the Yang and Yin qi at a particular meridian spot on the site are well balanced and harmonious, there will be sheng qi or growth qi. This is positive and strong qi and will lead to a good burial site. Conversely, if the earth qi at a burial site that is inauspiciously out of balance and heavily infested with negative attributes, this site will be highly undesirable for burial.


    Ultimately, any authentic Feng Shui Practitioner who is worth its salt, will need to have a good mastery of both Yang House Feng Shui and Burial or Yin House Feng Shui knowledge, insights and hidden secrets not made available to the general readers of ancient classics. It is only through established lineage could one truly learn the authentic "da vinci codes" to uncover its potency. In the final analysis, Yang and Yin Feng Shui are like two sides of the same coin. Knowing only one part of the body of knowledge will result in moderately effective solutions at best. At worst, it will be like a surgeon who just had a "successful" major operation but the patient still remains dead. I will leave the conclusion to you and the kind of outcome is up to you to decide.


    May the Auspicious Qi Be With You!

    Garrett Lee


    Ancient Feng Shui

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